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What is CBD (Cannabidiol)?

CBD – for when you need to relax, no matter where you are.

What is CBD?

CBD stands for cannabidiol. It is one of over 100 different compounds known as cannabinoids within the cannabis plant.

Ever heard of THC? THC is another cannabinoid known for its’ intoxicating effects when ingested. While THC and CBD are both cannabinoids, they are quite different in this regard because CBD is completely non-intoxicating.

A lot of people report getting benefits from consuming CBD. For this reason, companies started producing hemp-derived CBD products and selling them.

What Does CBD Stand For?

As mentioned previously, CBD is an abbreviation for the full name cannabidiol. All cannabinoids are abbreviated like this. Here are some other abbreviations you may run into when reading about cannabinoids:

Remember, there are over 100 cannabinoids. Keep in mind, they are all similarly abbreviated like this.

Can CBD Get You High?

No, CBD cannot get you high. It is simply not possible to feel the effects of CBD like you would THC.

THC has what is known as a high binding affinity for the CB receptors in our bodies. In other words, THC binds extremely well to the CB1 receptor, which is one of the reasons it makes people feel high.

CBD, conversely, does not bind that well. This is why CBD isn’t psychoactive, and also non-addicting.

How Does CBD Work?

This is a rather complicated area.

In a nutshell, CBD works by interacting with the body’s endocannabinoid system. This bodily system was discovered in the 90’s, and it does a bunch of different things.

The main function is to keep the body in a state of homeostasis, or simply it keeps the body running smoothly.

It does this by utilizing both endocannabinoids (cannabinoids produced by the body) and cannabinoids (like CBD). As cannabinoids are produced, or consumed, they target the CB1 and CB2 receptors. The result is a bunch of different outcomes like pain reliefanti-anxiety functions, or inflammatory responses.

These receptors are literally everywhere. Take a look at this chart that shows the locations of the CB receptors:

What is CBD Oil Good For?

Technically, the Food and Drug Administration has not approved the use of CBD as a dietary supplement. This means that no medical claims can be made as to what CBD may help with.

However, here are some studies that had some interesting outcomes:

CBD to Dull Nerve Pain

“Our findings demonstrate that the transdermal application of CBD oil can achieve significant improvement in pain and other disturbing sensations in patients with peripheral neuropathy.”

These were the conclusions in a study written by Zou and Kumar.

Anxiety Disorders

“Preclinical evidence conclusively demonstrates CBD’s efficacy in reducing anxiety behaviors relevant to multiple disorders, including PTSD, GAD, PD, OCD, and SAD, with a notable lack of anxiogenic effects.”

Using CBD for Sleep

“This survey indicated that CBD users take the drug to manage self-perceived anxiety, stress, sleep, and other symptoms, often in low doses, and these patterns vary by demographic characteristics.”

Up until 2018, CBD actually was not federally legal. The Farm Bill of 2018 differentiated hemp from marijuana, and made all hemp-derived compounds legal as long as the THC content remained under 0.3%.

Related: State by State Guide on CBD Laws

This is why on CBD products you always see the “this product contains under 0.3% THC” or other similarly worded disclaimers.

Keep in mind that just because CBD is federally legal doesn’t mean it is legal in your state. While most states have just copied the federal laws on CBD products, a few states have more strict regulations. Check out the CBD State Laws Guide by CBD School to double check your state laws.

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